Wrought Iron Awnings


Wrought Iron Awnings

wrought iron awnings

    wrought iron

  • Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon content, in comparison to steel, and has fibrous inclusions, known as slag. This is what gives it a “grain” resembling wood, which is visible when it is etched or bent to the point of failure.
  • Used for wrought iron, as opposed to cast iron; usually a building or structural material.
  • iron having a low carbon content that is tough and malleable and so can be forged and welded
  • A tough, malleable form of iron suitable for forging or rolling rather than casting, obtained by puddling pig iron while molten. It is nearly pure but contains some slag in the form of filaments


  • (awning) a canopy made of canvas to shelter people or things from rain or sun
  • A sheet of canvas or other material stretched on a frame and used to keep the sun or rain off a storefront, window, doorway, or deck
  • An awning or overhang is a secondary covering attached to the exterior wall of a building. It is typically composed of canvas woven of acrylic, cotton or polyester yarn, or vinyl laminated to polyester fabric that is stretched tightly over a light structure of aluminium, iron or steel, possibly
  • (awning) A rooflike cover, usually of canvas, extended over or before any place as a shelter from the sun, rain, or wind; That part of the poop deck which is continued forward beyond the bulkhead of the cabin

"Gleniffer" a Large Arts and Crafts Villa – Essendon

"Gleniffer" a Large Arts and Crafts Villa - Essendon
Standing proudly behind a wrought iron pailing wall with brick piers, "Gleniffer" is a neat Reformist (Arts and Crafts) style villa situated in one of the finer areas of the inner northern Melbourne suburb of Essendon. The villa is named after an old Nineteenth Century school in Paisley, Renfrewshire in Scotland, As Essendon had a high population of immigrants and first generation Australians around the turn of the Twentieth Century, it would not be inappropriate to assume that the owners who built this villa were Scottish, and may have come from the Paisley area.

Built between Federation (1901) and the Great War (1914), the shingled and half-timbered barge board with rough cast stucco work beneath the eaves of the gables is very Arts and Crafts inspired, as is the choice of red brick to build the villa with. The latticed leadlight glass windows are also in keeping with the Arts and Crafts movement, giving the villa a comfortable cottage like appearance.

Arts and Crafts houses challenged the formality of the mid and high Victorian styles that preceded it, and were often designed with uniquely angular floor plans. This is a good example of such a plan, with the front door being accessed underneath the enclosed verandah on the elevation at odds to the street.

Essendon was etablished in the 1860s and became an area of affluence and therefore only had middle-class, upper middle-class and some very wealthy citizens. A large villa like this built in one of the finer pockets of the suburb suggests that it was built for an aspiring upper middle-class family of some means. This villa would have required a small retinue of servants to maintain.

A Late Victorian Villa – Essendon

A Late Victorian Villa - Essendon
With its striped awnings drawn against the sun, this Victorian villa stands proudly behind its white picket fence with the gate standing welcomingly ajar. Neat and symmetrical, it is situated in the inner northern Melbourne suburb of Essendon.

Built between the 1880s and the 1890s, as were most of the residences in this street, this villa is not as grand as some of its contempories. Built for a middle-class family, rather than an upper-middle class one, the house is not set as far back from the street, and is constructed of the cheaper alternative to brick: weatherboard. Nonetheless, the house is still quite substantial in size, has two chimneys and a lovely front door featuring narrow side panes pf etched glass. It also maintains its original slate tile roof.

Essendon was etablished in the 1860s and became an area of affluence and therefore only had middle-class, upper middle-class and some very wealthy citizens. No doubt the mistress of this house would still have had servants, but not as many as some of her richer neighbours; perhaps a maid-of-all-work who doubled as a cook and a "daily" who would have come to do the hardest chores on a daily basis for a few hours.

wrought iron awnings


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